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Stress isn’t unique to humans. In fact, your pet fish can be under a lot of stress and suffer from its consequences without you noticing it. This often gets overlooked because a lot of owners aren’t aware of their pet’s common stress triggers and its early symptoms. They assume that as long as the aquarium is clean and the fish are fed, they must be perfectly happy and content.

The truth is that stress works in fish the same way it does in humans. When they’re not in the right environment, they experience trouble with their peers, and they are suffering from poor health; stress kicks in and makes matters worse. You’ll want to recognize the symptoms as soon as possible so you can intervene before it results in irreparable damage. Fortunately, you’ll glean a lot of useful information about specific problems and their remedies on websites like For now, it’s best to tackle the general symptoms and the first steps you can take to calm them down.

Fix the Water Condition

Clear water isn’t the highest determinant of good water condition. If you’re not using the right conditioner and there isn’t enough oxygen in the tank, you’ll likely see your fish frequently rising to the surface to gasp for air. An increase in nitrate levels and ammonia could also be the suspect, as well as a drastic change in temperature and pH levels. Saltwater tanks are likewise in trouble of having too high or too low salinity, causing your fish to be stressed and fall sick.

Buying an aquarium test kit should help you determine whether the water condition is the problem. A basic kit will contain instructions, testing solutions, test tubes, and a color card. Fill the test tube with aquarium water, add the specified amount of testing solution, and compare the result to the card. This might take time as one kit can only test for one water parameter, meaning you’ll have to purchase other kits to rule water condition out as a culprit. If you don’t have the time, the budget, or the patience for this, you can leave the testing to your local pet shop instead.

Recognize Fish Feuds

It sounds like a thing from animated movies, which is why it surprises many people to know that not all fish get along in real life. One sure way to start feuds is to overcrowd the aquarium. This brings out the combativeness in their nature and only aggravates the matter, especially when there are few or no hiding spots for them to cool off. Believe it or not, they will take measures to calm themselves, but when you don’t equip the aquarium with the right decors to enable this, fish fights will ensue.

You can address this by either buying a bigger tank and aquascaping properly or buying another tank to divide them. Continue to monitor them for signs of stress and refer to websites online to learn why symptoms like your betta fish losing its color persist.

Provide a Balanced Diet

While fish can survive on minimal nutrition, the prolonged absence of a balanced diet can trigger chronic stress. You’ll have to consult a vet, a pet shop, or an expert in your local aquarium hobbyist club to determine what dietary requirements a specific breed needs and how you can provide them. If they’re already sick, you don’t want to make matters worse by putting medication in the tank where the rest of the healthy fish are. Separate the sick fish first before treating it.

Prevention is Still Best

Preventing your fish from getting stressed is easier than diagnosing them and introducing solutions. Educate yourself about their ideal environment and get your family to cooperate. Should you spot one or two stressed fish once in a while, you’ll be glad that you now know how to calm them down.

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Are you going on a saltwater fishing trip soon? Here are the different types of saltwater fish you can expect to encounter when out at sea.

It’s estimated that there are around 3.5 trillion fish living in our oceans. With that many fish out there, it makes sense why so many people are turning to saltwater fishing. But before you hop on a boat, you should first know the different types of saltwater fish.

This will make you a better fisherman and help you identify your catches. Interested in learning more? Continue reading and we’ll walk you through the different types of saltwater fish that dwell in our oceans.


The anchovy is a small baitfish. Its color is green but, thanks to its silver stripe, it has blue reflections. You can find these fish in deep water as well as bays. At most, they tend to be around 4 inches long.

Anchovies mainly feed on fish larvae and other microscopic animals, known as zooplankton. Weakfish, bluefish, and striped bass love to eat them.

Anchovies are excellent bait to use when it comes to saltwater fishing for beginners.

Great Barracuda

A Great Barracuda can grow to be over 6 feet long and 51 pounds heavy. It can mostly be found in warm temperature to tropical waters, and in subtropical parts of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian oceans. Their numbers are decreasing in Florida and catch limits may soon be imposed on them.

A Great Barracuda can found in loose schools or swimming alone. They tend to hang out in reefs, waiting to catch their prey by surprise.

These fish are also very fast, as they can swim up to 30 miles per hour. Their teeth are sharp and quite big, so you want to be wary of that. If you do catch a Great Barracuda, you can cut it up into steaks and grill it, or you can smoke the meat instead.


Bluefish are a very popular game fish. They often swim in schools, usually behind schools of baitfish. A bluefish can grow to be 40 inches in length and 20 pounds.

These fish have teeth that are very sharp. They use their teeth to eat schooling fish and squids. If you’re looking to catch a bluefish, consider using Mullet, Spot, Mackerel, Menhaden, Herring, or Ballyhoo, to draw it over to your line.

You can prevent bluefish from your lines with their sharp teeth by using wire leaders. Sand Eels, Macherel, and Porgies are great bait. The flesh of the bluefish has a very strong flavor.

It’s recommended that you eat these fillets with fresh garlic and butter.


Bonefish feed on crabs, shellfish, shrimp, and fish from mangrove roots and the from bottom of the ocean floor. They live among mangroves in shallow backwaters and move onto shallow mudflats to eat as the tide comes in. As the tide goes out, the bonefish will go back into deeper waters.

Bonefish tend to go into deeper channels next to flats during the hotter months. If the temperature is very cold or hot, it’s suggested to chum up current with bits of shrimp. Because bonefish have a very powerful sense of smell, a great way to attract them is to crush up live shrimp in order to better release the scent.

The best conditions for catching a bonefish is during a rising tide, when the sky is overcast, the water temperature is hotter than 75 degrees, and the water is than 3 feet deep. 10-pound bonefish are very common.

Bonito (Little Tunny, False Albacore)

Bonito move about in large schools, sometimes ones that are half a mile big! Most fishermen end up catching Bonito while they’re trying to catch Kingfish. If a Bonito is in the area, they’ll hit any bait they can.

The Bonito is a lot of fun to catch because they put on a big fight once they’re hooked.

Part of the Tuna family, the Bonito isn’t commonly eaten due to its size, which is about 7 pounds. You can identify this type of fish by the spots on its belly. And they have a wavy silver and blue pattern on their tops instead of stripes.

The Little Tunny Bonito shouldn’t be confused with the Atlantic Bonito. The Atlantic Bonito isn’t edible and comes from the Mackerel family. False Albacore, on the other hand, is delicious since it’s part of the Tuna family.

Before eating, the bloody red meat needs to be bled into ice water for a long time. The bloodline also needs to be taken out before cooking. You would have to do this with any kind of tuna.

Bonito feed on Menhaden, Macherels, Shrimp, Herrings, Hake, Squid, and Anchovies. The most popular bait for Bonito are Sharks, Kingfish, and Billfish.

Redfish (Red Drum)

Redfish are mainly an inshore fish. They can grow up to be 51 pounds and 45 inches in length. Red Drums eat in schools in shallow waters and munch on all kinds of fish, including Pinfish, Menhaden, crabs, Atlantic Croaker, Mullet, Shrimp, and Flounder.

Red Drums have a variety of feeding patterns. For example, they enjoy sucking prey off the bottom as well as hiding behind structures and sneaking up on their prey.

You’ll often find these fish near mangroves, eating small shrimp and crabs. In most areas, it’s illegal to snatch, spear, and gig Redfish.

It’s also worth pointing out that it’s fairly easy to catch Red Drums when they’re actively feeding. First, you have to approach the school very quietly. Then, cast very gently into the school and pull in your bait quickly.

Red Drums get scared easily so you need to cast very softly.


Groupers are great fish for eating. You can find them at all levels of water. They like to eat young sea turtles, octopi, other fish, and crustaceans.

You can catch Groupers on fresh cut bait, like Pinfish, Mackerel, or Mullet. Live bait is going to be your best bet for catching them. The top draws for most Groupers are live cigar minnows, lane or small gray snapper, and live pinfish.

Spanish Sardines, Pilchard, and Ballyhoo also make for a good bait. Groupers are quite large and they’re very strong. To reel them in, you’re going to need powerful fishing gear.

Some species of Grouper are illegal to catch because they’re endangered.


You will usually find Permit in tropical, shallow waters. These include muddy bottoms, channels, and flats. They love to feed on small fish, Shrimp, and Crab. Permit usually weight 30 pounds but some can get be as much as 50 pounds.

You can catch Permit by following them on shallow flats and casting directly to them. You want to use fresh crushed Lobster and Crab in a dispenser. On your hook, use small live Crab.

Large Permit love to swim around offshore wrecks, and they usually hang out at the bottom. Permit are known to dive for cover once they get hooked, so you want to make sure that you’re unhooked from your anchor.

You can weigh the Crab on your hook down by using a split shot. Because Permit have great eyesight, you don’t want to use swivels and make sure that you have dark-colored hooks.

African Pompano

The African Pompano is also known as Cuban Jack, Pennantfish, Trevally, Threadfin Mirrorfish, and Threadfin Trevally. Adult African Pompanos travel alone both offshore and inshore in tropical waters. They tend to swim deep over sandy bottoms, next to rocky structures.

Younger African Pompanos have long dorsal and anal fin tips. These fish can grow to weigh 50 pounds and 5 feet long. With that said, most usually only get up to 2 feet long and 30 pounds heavy.

This fish feeds on small fish, small Crabs, and slow-moving crustaceans.

Spanish Sardine

Spanish Sardines travel in big schools close to shore. They’re loved all around the world as bait as well as food. Sardines are mainly caught at night when they come up to the surface to eat plankton. Using a cast net, you can catch thousands of Sardines.

To use them as bait, hook the Spanish Sardine through its head or through its eyes. For catching big fish, utilize a double hook system.

The Importance of Knowing About the Different Types of Saltwater Fish 

As we can see, there are all different types of saltwater fish in our big blue ocean. And by educating ourselves about them, we can better know how to catch them, and also which ones we should avoid. Make sure that you understand the fish in your area before going out to cast.

Are you looking for other helpful articles? Check out the rest of our blog today for more!

People keep pets as dogs and cats, claim that they get acquainted with their owners. Dogs and cats become friendly with their owners and even do tasks for them. So, we can say that this symbiotic relationship of keeping pets pleasure humans and benefits to pets. Although the ratio of keeping horses, cats, and dogs as pets is huge, beta fishes are also worth following. Go and ask a beta fish lover, why do they love beta as their pet so much? They will make you count handy and tremendous features.

Bet fishes deserve to be getting praised. Like human beings, they love to observe and react while new things. Bright colors are considered as the light, which takes you away from darkness. That is the light which beta fishes give you if it is your pet. Beta fishes are famous for their small sizes but astonishing bright colors. Betas are available in almost all colors. People are confused regarding do betas change colors. The answer to this question is yes, sometimes or some betas change colors due to age, illness and stress factor. Betas can live up to three to five years. So, if you want to keep them as a pet, they can be a good companion. We know after coming through these qualities mentioned above you are curious to keep betas as the pet. We are going to provide you with a guide on how to care for betta fish for beginners. You will see betas moving all the time, responding to the surroundings. Do betas are sleepless creatures? No, they sleep at night and this the reason you cannot see them sleeping. As you are sleeping too at that time. Well, betas specialties and unusual behavior cannot be elaborated by writing. They are the most beautiful creation on this earth, worth watching a source of pleasure indeed. Betas are small, so they must be kept with care. Here is a guide for how to care for betta fish for beginners:

  1. Choose suitable home

Betas are mostly found in rice paddies. They are accustomed to living in a shallow and wide place. Although they can live in small tanks too, to give them the best to go for the best. Because of their aggressive nature, we would like to suggest a  red sea max nano tank for them. Almost a twenty gallons tank, if you are keeping them with other sea animals.

  1. Furnish the home for beta

Betas love to live in a beautifully decorated environment. A sea animal’s furniture will be silk plants, some natural sea stones, etc. we would like to suggest adding some gravels to your beta home for aesthetics. Addition of planting live plants will make the home of your beta a playground for them. The happier is your beta, the more beautiful they will look. Betas do not survive in a dirty environment, add a filter to prevent the building up of toxins in your beta home.

  1. Add enough water

While adding water in your bettas tank, be careful. They can jump up to 3 inches, so the addition of approximately 80% of water is cold. Use some heater to keep the water temperature constant in the beta tank.

  1. Dechlorinate

If you are holding your beta alone and in a small bowl, chloramines and chlorine building is possible. Use dechlorinates to get rid of this problem.

  1. Necessary cleaning

Betas are small and delicate water creature, easily vulnerable to disease. If you are going to keep it with other sea animals, the risk of getting ill is enormous. As beta will live in an environment where there is pollution because of decaying food and toxin materials. The more sea animals in a tank the more likely are the chances of infection. We suggest you provide a clean environment for your betas. Changing the water of the tank once in a week is highly recommended.

  1. Keep them alone

We have mentioned the aggressive nature of betas above. Beats are also famous as Siamese fighting fish. Betas need the care to be kept in a happy environment. Male bettas cannot live with other sea animals in the same tank. Chances are less, even trying can kill them. If you keep them with other sea animals, it is not always the battles which can kill them. To live in a crowded environment, create stress for them and lead them to death. Betas are reactive, so while keeping them in the tank with others if they show signs of aggression. Take them out. If they do not respond, then you can give a try.

  1. Tankmates for betas

We have mentioned the aggressive nature of betas. Still, there are some sea animals with whom beats can live happily. Neon tetras live friendly with other fishes, so there is a high tendency that betas can live happy with them. The blue gourami and African dwarf frogs share some living environment and dietary requirements with betas. So, these are highly recommended tankmates for bettas.

  1. Steps while choosing betas

Betas are bright and beautiful with god fins and fresh eyes. If you experience any deformities while picking them from the store, chose another one. Betas are polished with the tint of blue and pink. If you see a beta with pale and dull color, do not want that. Choosing a good beta is necessary.

Betas respond to your actions. Just wipe your fingers around the tank, betas will react to it. And if not, the chances are that they are not good betas. Do not be quick to judge that as betas spend whole of their day in moving and responding so maybe at that time, they are just not the ill ones.

Sometimes the one which you are considering ill or dull is just due to lack of optimal environment. Be sympathetic to this small creature and choose wisely.

  1. Feed wisely

Betas are tiny with a little stomach. Just feed them 1 or 2 pallets it would be good for them for the whole day. They love to eat frozen shrimp or worms.

  1. Cycle

Before adding your betas, you need to cycle the tank. Building up of bacteria is necessary before adding betas.

Fish are easy pets, but only if you know how to care for them properly. Here is the complete guide to different types of tropical fish and what to feed them.

An aquarium can be a colorful, animated mini-scape of nature in your own house or apartment.

While many animal-lovers would love to own a pet, they are often discouraged by the thought of shedding and odors, which would bring additional cleaning responsibilities into their living spaces.

An exotic fish aquarium brings chromatically, movement, and greenery into homes in every type of neighborhood.

For prospective fish owners, choosing the right breeds for their first aquarium can be a daunting task. How will you know which types fish can be paired together? What do you feed them, and how often should water be changed?

It’s important to select types that are easy to care for if it’s your first time owning aquatic pets. Hardy fish can live in water that’s not changed quite as often as it should be, or isn’t always at an optimal temperature.

You’ll want fish that have low levels of aggression and can live amicably with other fish. Ideally, your first fish would not grow to more than two or three inches in length, as larger types will sometimes eat smaller ones.

What are some great types of tropical fish for your first tank? Check out 10 great ideas below!

1. Danios

These active, small fish flip by in sherbert colors like red, yellow and green. While these fish are lively, they’re not aggressive, and rarely grow to more than two inches in length.

Danios like to swim in schools of six or more and get along best with other active fish. They love color flakes, tropical granules, and shrimp pellets. Prepare a large-enough aquarium for them with gravel and plants on the bottom.

The water in danios’ tanks is optimal at a comfy 70-80 degrees Fahrenheit. The pH should be maintained between 7-7.8.

2. Black Molly

Black mollies are easy to care for because they get along swimmingly in fresh, brackish, or salt water. While they’re comfortable in many aqua-settings, they prefer water temperatures from 72-80 degrees Fahrenheit. Temperature fluctuations will make them more prone to disease, especially Ich and Velvet.

Short-finned mollies can be platinum-colored, dusty-gold, or black. They love flake and pellet foods, bloodworms, and brine shrimp.

Black mollies should be given plenty of water. A tank with thirty gallons is a great place to start, and adding tough plans like Java Fern, Sagittaria, and Anubias will give them a fabulous aquapark for playing hide-and-seek.

Mollies should not live with large fish. They live happily alongside fish like danios, barbs, or rainbows. Black mollies like to travel in groups of three or more.

3. Platies

These friendly, attractive fish come in a kaleidoscope of colors including blue, purple, red-orange, and yellow. Platies are selectively bred so that new color blends are produced.

Even though they’re not schooling fish, platies love to live in playful communities with other passive fish.

A ten-gallon tank will comfortably house five platies. Males will grow to about 1.5 inches in length, and females will grow to 2.5 inches.

Platies prefer warmer water that is between 70-77 degrees Fahrenheit. They like to eat flake food, freeze-dried food, and algae.

4. Betta

Betta fish are vivaciously colored pets that originated in Southeast Asia. The shorter bettas are available in half-moon, double-tail, and crown tail shapes.

Betta fish do best in aquariums with regular water changes. They prefer water that is between 76-82 degrees Fahrenheit. Cold water can suppress their immune systems and cause illness.

You can clean their tanks without alarming the fish by changing about one-third of the water at a time, giving fish a chance to adjust to the pH of the clean water. Betta fish prefer slightly acidic water, at a pH between 6.5-7.

Bettas eat on the surface of the water with upturned mouths. The best food for them is pellets that give them the vitamins they need for bright color and longevity. While most live between two and three years, some are known to live well into their teens.

5. Neon Tetra

Neon tetras are small, brilliantly-colored fish with silver/white abdomens and bright blue backs. They live amicably in groups with other small fish.

Tatras prefer slightly acidic waters and temperatures that are around 77 degrees Fahrenheit.

6. Guppies

Guppies are fabulous, playful fish that love to breed. If you put two guppies of different sexes together, expect lots of teeny guppies soon!

These fish love to eat brine shrimp, bloodworms, and daphnia. Guppies will also munch on veggies like lettuce, peas, and cucumbers. Beware of overfeeding your guppies, as they have small stomachs and it can lead to blocked intestines.

Male guppies will grow to about 1.5-3 cm, and females will usually grow to 3-5 cm. Males are brightly colored with spots, and females are typically gray.

Guppies can live for up to two years in an aquarium with rocks and vegetation.

7. Rainbow Fish

As their name advertises, rainbow fish come in a variety of vibrant colors. While neon rainbows may appear dull in the pet store, they develop stunning blue bodies with red or yellow fins after you bring them home.

Since they are docile and can even be described as shy, they can live pleasantly with other small, non-aggressive fish.

Rainbows like to eat vegetable matter and meat-based foods. They prefer a water temperature between 74-78 degrees Fahrenheit, and a pH between 7.4-8.

8. Glofish

These pets are glowing zebra danios inserted with the gene of a jellyfish, giving them their neon shine.

While they are hardy, glofish should not be paired with overly aggressive fish. They will accept any food chemistry but prefer to eat fish flakes or leafy plants.

Glofish will grow to be only a little over an inch in length. They prefer a water temperature between 72-80 degrees Fahrenheit.

9. Corydoras Catfish

These fun-loving fish come in a rainbow of colors including emerald, bronze, and albino. They love to swim in groups of five or six at a time.

Corydoras catfish are bottom-feeders and will eat algae as well as debris from the bottom of the tank. They prefer a pH between 7-8, and a temperature between 74-80 degrees Fahrenheit.

10. Angelfish

True to their name, angelfish are beautiful and graceful. They should not, however, be paired with smaller fish like guppies or neon tetras, as they may eat them.

Angelfish eat brine shrimp, mealworms, bloodworms, and small insects. They prefer a pH between 6-8, and a temperature between 74-80 degrees Fahrenheit.

Time to Choose from the Different Types of Tropical Fish

Now that you know some of the best types of tropical fish for your aquarium, you can make the best decision for you.

Small, hardy, and friendly tropical fish like danios, black mollies, and platies will make your tank-world brilliant and friendly. Glofish and rainbow fish will brighten up your tank. Of course, you can never go wrong with the majestic angelfish.


Caring for pets is a great way to animate any household. And if you simply don’t have the time to look after furry friends such as dogs or cats, then fish might be a viable alternative for you. The brightly colored and vivacious little friends aren’t that hard to care for, and they are rather fun to watch too.

Nevertheless, not every member of your aquarium has to swim around and put on a show. Some creatures serve ornamental purposes amazingly, and starfish are one important category in this respect. And out of all the existing species, the chocolate chip sea star is the most beginner-friendly choice, so let’s see what it is and how you can take proper care of it.

About the Chocolate Chip Sea Star

According to National Geographic, the chocolate chip starfish is a general term used to refer to a class of invertebrates that have a cookie-like appearance. Although marine biologists usually refer to Nidorellia armata when uttering this name, we are actually talking about the Protoreaster nodosus, which is its pet shop cousin.

Although many members of the Oreasteridae family handle captivity poorly, this little fellow is a very welcome exception to the rule. Its color palette is varied, with hues ranging from pale tans to deep and vivid oranges. But they all share one similar trait, and it is also what gives them their name and cookie-like appearance.

Chocolate Star Fish Color Variations

Regardless of their color, chocolate chip sea stars all sport brown-black growths that resemble Hershey kisses in appearance. For this reason, those that are of lighter coloring can look like crisp, star-shaped marshmallows. Needless to say, this makes them amazing ornamental additions to any aquarium.

Nevertheless, they are best kept as members of a fish tank that does not contain small reef formations because they have a tendency to nibble on those. Thus, a fish-only environment is most suited to their behavior. Other than that, they tend to be rather peaceful and play well with others, as long as they aren’t threatened.

The main marine threats that need to be kept away from the captive chocolate chip sea star are lobsters, large crabs, puffer fish, and triggerfish. Any other oceanic or freshwater creatures will coexist harmoniously with them. For this reason, they are a very popular choice among aquarium enthusiasts from all over the world.

How to Care Properly For A Chocolate Chip Sea Star

Unfortunately, the chocolate chip starfish isn’t a viable option if you have a small tank. They are best kept in large aquariums because they grow as much as 15 inches in diameter. Furthermore, because it is quite the passive being, it lives best among mild-mannered fish. Predators will tear it apart because it moves quite slowly.

As long as the tank has a deep and welcoming sandy bed on the bottom, your new friend will do just fine. This is an exact replica of their preferred habitat, so make sure you offer it the appropriate living conditions. If it’s one thing that you must pay extra attention to, it’s the quality of the water.

Just like other invertebrates, the chocolate chip sea star cannot survive in a tank that is high in nitrate. Therefore, make sure that you maintain a healthy cycle in this respect so that every single member of your small marine family can leave a happy and healthy life. But other than that, it is a hardy species that is easy to keep around.

Food and care

Come mealtime, this species of starfish is rather low maintenance. It has a scavenging nature, which means that it can munch on a variety of things it finds lying around in the tank. However, in captivity, it will require supplemental feeding in the form of algae and meaty foods. The best choices for this are scallops, mussels and small pieces of squid or shrimp.

One way to go about it is to place the morsel in its path and wait for the little guy to crawl on top of it. But this method isn’t exactly the best, because it won’t always find its way to it. This means that its tank pears (the wrasse in particular) will pull it apart and devour it before the poor thing has had a chance to get its daily dose of nutrition.

Thus, the best way to feed the chocolate chip starfish its supplements is by lifting it, placing the food on the bottom and then putting the fellow right on top. As long as you handle the animal carefully, this method will work wonders. Remember that they are fragile little creatures that need to be touched by love and kindness.

The Bottom Line

The chocolate chip sea star is a great ornamental addition to any large marine aquarium. Due to its scavenger nature, it will mostly feed off of food that falls to the bottom of the tank. Nevertheless, it does require meaty supplements, and you need to keep it away from soft reefs and predators if you want your emulated ecosystem to be harmonious.

Featured Image Source: Bernard Dupont