Here are the 5 most common component roof problems which are reasonably easy to identify and repair on your own. A poor roof system can suffer from different of issues that may lead to future problems. By checking some roof troubles,you’ll surely learn How to keep your roof cool in the summer and be able to keep it in good condition.

However, if you don’t feel comfortable accessing your roof or you may think it is beyond you skill-set then don’t hesitate to hire a professional roofing contractor to help you access the roof.

  1. Flashings

Flashings are parts used to seal roof system edges, penetrations, perimeters, walls, drains, valleys, and any other area where the actual roof covering is interrupted or terminated. The flashing helps to seal an opening in the roof where water may enter making it the prime areas for leakage causes.

The flashing is made of aluminum or galvanized steel and, depending on the type of your roof, it is most likely around the chimney, or in the valleys, and even around dormer windows or skylights. Weather and oxidation are the most popular catalysts for flashing rot but it is possible that flashing can come loose. Most professional roofing contractors cut and shape their own flashings from sheet metal but most flashing pieces available these days come pre-formed and can be applied without much difficulty using caulking or roof cement.

  1. The benefit of fascia is to protect by acting as a layer between the edge of the roof and the outdoor contents—most especially water. It also protects your building interior from weather damage by blocking its entry point into the structure. Fascia acts as an aesthetic by creating a smooth and even appearance for the edge of a roof. Moisture is the main cause of the problems with your fascia so be sure to look for signs of damage or rot. Contact a professional roofing contractor immediately if you notice an issue with your roof.

3. Gutters

Gutters are designed to keep water away from your building’s foundation and to protect the structural integrity. It is imperative to keep your gutters doing their job properly as they are highly susceptible to water and debris buildup causing mold and mildew under your roof.

Fortunately, the most common gutter problems can be fixed by the homeowner. The number one problem is when a gutter and downspout get so backed up with debris they become useless. The excess weight of leaves, twigs, and standing water can cause them to sag and pull away from the fascia. If they are sagging, this is usually a problem with the hangers. Hangers are the hardware that secures the gutters to the fascia. They can deteriorate over time or may be spaced too far apart to support the full weight of the gutters. Hangers are a cheap fix. If your gutter has leaks or holes, sealing them by caulking the joint or filling small holes from the inside with gutter sealant is another cheap fix. Larger holes will require a patch.

Be sure your gutters are pitched toward the downspouts for water to flow properly. The general rule is a minimum of a quarter inch slope for every 10 feet. If there is standing water, you most likely do not have enough pitch. Keep your downspouts extended four to five feet from the house, otherwise water will find its way into your basement. Gutter extensions are inexpensive and will preserve your foundation.

  1. Shingles

Shingles roof systems offer great protection but are prone to discoloration and curling. Areas of missing or broken shingles can leave underlying wood susceptible to rotting, holes and other damage. They can also buckle if they were not adequately ventilated during installation.

Discoloration is an indication of a roof leak and small spot can grow into a gaping hole in your ceiling. Curling is caused by a lack of ventilation, high nails, or improperly installed fasteners. They look unsightly and are an open invitation for water seepage. If you have missing shingles, water, snow, and ice are hitting your roof square on, which is a direct route to rot. Check your roof often and make repairs or replace shingles as necessary.

  1. Soffit

The exposed surface beneath the roof eave overhanging section or the finished surface below the fascia and rafters is called the soffit. Soffit has small holes which provide air circulation so it can cycle to the vents and draw heat and moisture away from your house.

Soffit plays a vital role in helping to ventilate the attic and also prevent rot in the sheathing and rafters. Soffits are made from vinyl because it is a water-resistant and less expensive material. It also helps regulate the temperature in your attic and the rest of your home making it a very comfortable place for you to live. Make sure you look for cracks, holes, and rot to avoid an easy passage for water or insects and small animals.

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